Shipping Dangerous Goods and Hazardous Materials
Shipping dangerous goods or hazardous materials? FedEx provides the reliable delivery and support you need. We also offer dangerous goods training and hazardous materials training.
- An overview of dangerous goods shipping information
FedEx Express is a world leader in the transport of dangerous goods and has specialists on staff to assist with dangerous goods questions. Shipments with dangerous goods must be tendered to FedEx Express in accordance with current International Air Transport Association (IATA) regulations for air transport and the FedEx Express Terms and Conditions. This is required regardless of the routing and whether the shipment ends up physically moving by air transportation, ground transportation, or a combination of these.
Identifying Dangerous Goods
The first step is for you to identify whether your shipment contains dangerous goods. This category includes aerosol sprays, airbags, ammunition, butane, car batteries, cologne, dry ice, fireworks, gasoline, jet fuel, lighters, lithium batteries, matches, nail polish, nail polish remover, nitrogen-refrigerated liquid, paint, perfume, solvents, some chemicals, and more.
If you are unsure whether your commodity meets the critieria for dangerous goods or which dangerous goods identification and classification applies to your shipment, contact the U.S. Department of Transportation at 1.800.467.4922. If you have further questions on shipment preparation, call our Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Hotline at 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 (say "dangerous goods"). Learn more about shipping hazardous materials via FedEx Ground.
See FedEx services available to ship dangerous goods for information on the U.S. and international services you can choose for your shipment.
If you use paper air waybills rather than an electronic shipping solution to process dangerous goods shipments to international locations, you cannot use the standard FedEx® International Air Waybill:
- If you're shipping via FedEx International First, FedEx International Priority, FedEx International Economy, FedEx International Priority DirectDistribution, FedEx International Priority Freight, FedEx International Economy Freight or FedEx International Priority DirectDistribution Freight, you must use the FedEx® Expanded Service International Air Waybill.
- If you're shipping via FedEx International Premium, FedEx International Express Freight or FedEx International Airport-to-Airport, you must use either the FedEx IATA (023) Air Waybill or IATA Neutral Air Waybill.
Dangerous goods service is not available for:
- FedEx SameDay®, FedEx SameDay® City and FedEx SameDay® Freight, except for dry ice and UN 3373 Biological Substance, Category B.
- FedEx International First®, except for dry ice.
- FedEx® International Next Flight.
- FedEx stamps. FedEx stamps can be used for dangerous goods that do not receive a dangerous goods handling code or surcharge (see Special Handling Fees, "Dangerous goods that are not assessed a surcharge").
A special handling fee applies. However, there are some dangerous goods we do not surcharge: dangerous goods in Excepted Quantities (IATA 2.6); excepted package radioactive materials (IATA 10.5.8); Biological Substance, Category B, UN 3373; Genetically Modified Micro-organisms and Genetically Modified Organisms (UN 3245); Magnetized Material when there is no Shipper's Declaration required (UN 2807); and shipments containing any IATA Section II lithium batteries. These include those shipments containing primary (non-rechargeable) lithium batteries and cells that are prepared under IATA Section II of Packing Instruction 968 and that require the FedEx Express Section II label (UN 3090).
FedEx is not required to add dry ice to packages. If you have a dry-ice shipment prepared according to IATA regulations, you do not need a Shipper's Declaration. However, you must check the Dry Ice block and enter the dry-ice information on the airbill, air waybill or electonic shipping device. Where dry ice is tendered as a refrigerant with dangerous goods that require a declaration, the Dangerous Goods block and the Dry Ice block on the airbill or air waybill must be checked, and the dry-ice information completed. All dry-ice shipments require package marking and labeling. Call our hotline for assistance: 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 and say "dangerous goods."
FedEx Express prohibits the expediting of dangerous goods, except for shipments in which dry ice or IATA Section II lithium batteries are the only dangerous goods in the shipment.
The following dangerous goods may be shipped within the U.S. and Puerto Rico in accordance with the current edition of Title 49 Code of Federal Regulations (49 CFR), which applies to transportation:
- Magnetized material
- Toxics in exemption packaging
- Environmentally Hazardous Substance, Liquid, n.o.s. or Environmentally Hazardous Substance, Solid, n.o.s. for non-bulk packages
- Some U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) exemptions that have been approved for air transportation
FedEx Express does not transport Division 1.3 explosives. Division 1.3 explosives are prohibited for all FedEx Express® services.
Infectious substances affecting humans (UN 2814) and infectious substances affecting animals (UN 2900) are considered dangerous goods. NOTE: Regulated infectious substances must not be shipped in the FedEx® Clinical Pak. IATA regulations apply. Noninfectious blood and urine must meet FedEx standards. In addition, Biological Substance, Category B, must meet the packing and marking standards in IATA Packing Instruction 650. A FedEx® UN 3373 Pak is now available. For additional information on FedEx standards for UN 3373 Biological Substance, Category B, download our How to Pack brochure (3.55 Mb PDF), which has guidelines on shipping blood; urine; and Biological Substance, Category B.
Shippers must also comply with all applicable local, state and federal laws governing packing, marking and labeling of shipments of blood and blood products regardless of whether they are infectious. For information, call our hotline: 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 and say "dangerous goods."
Dry Shippers/Dry Dewars meeting the note in IATA Packing Instruction 202 must have an indication on the outer package that the shipment is a Dry Shipper or Dry Dewar. If the shipment does not contain dangerous goods, the outer package must also be marked "not restricted" or "non-hazardous."
Package markings must be permanently affixed to the package by the shipper. The markings can be handwritten on the package or applied in the form of a self-adhesive label. Attaching a pouch containing shipment information to the package does not meet this requirement.
IATA regulations, for example, require the shipper to mark the name and address of both the shipper and recipient on the package. Applying a peel-and-stick airbill or self-adhesive automation label meets this requirement; a paper airbill or paper automation bar code in a pouch does not.
Within the U.S., Highway Route Controlled Quantity or Fissile Class III radioactive materials will not be accepted for carriage without advance arrangements. Call 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 and say "dangerous goods" for details. FedEx First Overnight, FedEx First Overnight Freight and FedEx International First cannot be used to ship radioactive materials.
We provide dangerous goods service for many Alaskan cities.1
- Select FedEx First Overnight, FedEx Priority Overnight®, FedEx First Overnight Freight or FedEx 1Day® Freight to ship accessible dangerous goods.
- Select FedEx First Overnight, FedEx Priority Overnight, FedEx Standard Overnight® (where available), FedEx 2Day®, FedEx First Overnight Freight, FedEx 1Day Freight or FedEx 2Day® Freight to ship inaccessible dangerous goods.
You can ship dangerous goods to and from Hawaii with some restrictions:
- Select FedEx First Overnight, FedEx Priority Overnight, FedEx First Overnight Freight (island of Oahu only) or FedEx 1Day Freight (island of Oahu only) to ship accessible dangerous goods.
- Select FedEx First Overnight, FedEx Priority Overnight, FedEx 2Day, FedEx First Overnight Freight (island of Oahu only), FedEx 1Day Freight (island of Oahu only) or FedEx 2Day Freight (island of Oahu only) to ship inaccessible dangerous goods. FedEx 2Day delivers in 2 business days to Oahu and 3 business days to other islands.
- You cannot ship dangerous goods, including dry ice, to Kalaupapa on Molokai (ZIP code 96742).
Class 7 radioactives are accepted only between specified locations in the U.S., United Kingdom, Canada, the Caribbean and France (preapproval required). Call 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 and say "international services" for information. Class 7 substances will not be accepted outside the U.S. without preapproval. Class 1.4 explosives are acceptable as FedEx Express shipments to Canada, France, Germany, Japan, United Arab Emirates and the United Kingdom. NOTE: United Arab Emirates allows only Class 1.4 explosives to be shipped via Hold at FedEx Location service to the FedEx Express facility in Dubai.
Accessible dangerous goods can be shipped via FedEx International Economy and FedEx International Economy Freight services from the U.S. only. When using FedEx International Economy or FedEx International Economy Freight to ship liquids in the primary hazard classes/divisions of 3, 4.2, 5.1, 5.2 and 8, customers must use V-rated packaging. (FedEx IATA Variation FX-17.)
For dangerous goods shipments picked up on Saturday and destined for any European city, one day will be added to the delivery commitment. Hold at FedEx Location service for dangerous goods shipments is available only at certain FedEx locations in Europe, Canada and Japan. Call our hotline for details. To confirm commodity acceptability, call FedEx International Customer Service at 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 (say "international services").
As the shipper, you are responsible to identify, classify, package, mark, label and complete documentation for dangerous goods according to all national and international governmental regulations. Failure to do so could create dangerous conditions on the aircraft and result in the shipper being subject to governmental fines and penalties under applicable laws. In addition, FedEx can accept Shipper's Declarations for Dangerous Goods only in typed or computer-generated formats, not hand-written (see FedEx Express variations FX-12 and FX-18 in the current IATA Dangerous Goods Manual for certain exceptions that apply, and other details).
Most shipments to, from or transiting through the U.S. that require a Shipper's Declaration for Dangerous Goods also require a 24-hour emergency-response telephone number. For exceptions to this rule, refer to current IATA regulations.
FedEx® electronic shipping solutions can accept different designations of dangerous goods for individual packages within a multiple-package shipment in the U.S. You must label each package appropriately and provide dangerous goods documentation for the entire shipment.
Ground vs. Air Regulations
Some items may not be regulated as dangerous goods if they travel by ground, but are regulated by IATA if they are offered for transportation via FedEx Express® services. One common example is:
- Dry ice (carbon dioxide solid), UN 1845
If you receive a package with an ORM-D marking but it has no dangerous goods paperwork, it may be that it was shipped via a ground carrier. If you then tender that ORM-D shipment to FedEx Express, you must offer it under IATA/ICAO regulations, not 49CFR. This includes providing the correct identification, classification, packaging, labeling, marking and documentation (a Shipper's Declaration for Dangerous Goods form) for the shipment. Refer to all applicable FedEx Express IATA Variations as well (see Regulatory Updates).
Dangerous goods cannot be shipped in FedEx Express packaging, with the following exceptions: UN 3373, Biological Substance, Category B, which may be shipped in the FedEx UN 3373 Pak, the FedEx Medium Clinical Box and the FedEx Large Clinical Box; and IATA Section II lithium batteries, which may be shipped in FedEx boxes and tubes.
- Package Labels
For faster, more accurate shipment preparation, use our FedEx dangerous goods package labels. Simply apply the labels, which are designed for the type of dangerous goods you're shipping, to your packages rather than marking and labeling them by hand. We have specialized labels for undeveloped film and dry ice. To order them, call 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339.
- Drop-Off Locations
You can drop off dangerous goods at some, but not all, staffed FedEx locations. To find one in your area go to Find FedEx Locations; enter a ZIP code, address or phone number; then select "Dangerous goods." If not dropped off at a staffed location that accepts dangerous goods, your shipment must be tendered to FedEx Express via a scheduled pickup at the customer location.
Dangerous goods shipments, including dry ice, are not accepted at FedEx Express® Drop Box locations, FedEx Office® Print and Ship Center locations, FedEx Authorized ShipCenter® locations or FedEx ShipSite® locations (such as OfficeMax), with the following exceptions:
- Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373) shipments may be placed in FedEx Express Drop Boxes, including drop boxes at FedEx Office Print and Ship Center locations in the U.S. and Puerto Rico; they are not, however, accepted at drop boxes at FedEx ShipSite locations.
- FedEx Express shipments containing IATA Section II lithium batteries are accepted at FedEx Office Print and Ship Center locations and may be placed in FedEx Express Drop Boxes.
There are limitations for dangerous goods shipments to Alaska, Hawaii and many international destinations. For international shipments call 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 (say "international services") to check commodity acceptability. Please identify the destination city and country and the hazard-class name (corrosives, toxics, and so on) when you call.
- Marking Airbills
Always mark Yes or No on airbills and air waybills to indicate whether you're offering dangerous goods.
You can ship dangerous goods C.O.D., but you must complete shipping documentation using a FedEx electronic shipping solution such as FedEx Ship Manager® at fedex.com.
Use the FedEx Expanded Service International Air Waybill to ship dangerous goods internationally when using a paper air waybill.
- Shipper Training
The federal government requires every dangerous goods shipper to have job-specific dangerous goods training before tendering a dangerous goods shipment to FedEx or another air carrier. FedEx sponsors a number of seminars for which you can register online.
- Classifying Your Shipment
If you are not sure whether your commodity meets the definition of a dangerous good, contact the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) at 1.800.467.4922.
Dangerous Goods Hotline
Call 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 and say "dangerous goods" to reach the Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Hotline if you have questions, or call FedEx Express International Customer Service at 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 (say "international services") for commodity acceptability to international destinations.
- Countries served: overview of FedEx International Priority® and FedEx International Economy® service
Check this information before you ship dangerous goods to a non-U.S. destination via FedEx International Priority or, where available, FedEx International Economy. It provides a high-level overview of FedEx international dangerous goods service, including commodity restrictions by country.
International Countries: Dangerous Goods Acceptance
- Declaration forms: interactive Shipper's Declaration forms
The FedEx Express Shipper's Declaration for Dangerous Goods templates available below may not be used for most dangerous goods shipments. Shippers must use FedEx Express automated shipping solutions or FedEx-recognized vendor systems to prepare Shipper's Declarations. These systems incorporate data-compliance checks that help prevent documentation errors and reduce associated penalties and fines. For a list of FedEx-recognized vendors, or to read FX-18 in the current FedEx Express operator variations, see Regulatory Updates.
FedEx Express Shipper's Declaration for Dangerous Goods templates may only be used for: 1) radioactive materials; 2) shipments that use an 023 air waybill (FedEx International Express Freight®, FedEx International Airport-to-AirportSM and FedEx International Premium® services); or 3) shipments that originate outside of the United States (including U.S. territories). These exceptions may be eliminated at a later date.
There are two versions of these forms, one with vertical columns in the Nature and Quantity of Dangerous Goods section and one without. Both forms correspond to those published in the International Air Transport Association (IATA) section 8.1.9.
Note: All completed forms should have red hatchings on the sides, whether preprinted or printed via computer.
If you have any questions on how to prepare your dangerous goods shipment, please call the FedEx Dangerous Goods/Hazardous Materials Hotline at 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 and say "dangerous goods" to reach trained personnel.
All form templates are available in both PDF and Microsoft® Word formats. If you use the PDF format, you can save a blank copy of the form only. If you use the Microsoft Word format, you can save the completed form for future use. To read PDF files, you will need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader or plug-in.
Shipper's Declaration Form for Color Printers
The templates below are designed for printing on color printers using plain 8-1/2" x 11" paper. If you do not have a color printer, you should not use these templates.
- With columns:
- Without columns:
Shipper's Declaration Form for Black-and-White Printers
FedEx also provides templates designed for use on black-and-white printers. These forms require the use of special FedEx form blanks, called LZR DG DEC. These blank forms contain preprinted red vertical hatchings. When these templates are used, they will print the Shipper's Declaration within the red hatchings. Customers in the U.S. can order LZR DG DEC blanks part #157295 by calling 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339.
- With columns:
- Without columns:
- With columns:
- FedEx services available to ship dangerous goods
Accessible Dangerous Goods Inaccessible Dangerous Goods Dry Ice U.S. Services FedEx SameDay® — UN 3373 Only1 Yes FedEx SameDay City® — UN 3373 Only1 Yes FedEx First Overnight® Yes Yes2 Yes FedEx Priority Overnight® Yes Yes Yes FedEx Standard Overnight® — Yes Yes FedEx 2Day® A.M. — Yes Yes FedEx 2Day® — Yes Yes FedEx Express Saver® — Yes Yes FedEx SameDay® Freight — UN 3373 Only1 Yes FedEx First Overnight® Freight Yes Yes2 Yes FedEx 1Day® Freight Yes Yes Yes FedEx 2Day® Freight — Yes Yes FedEx 3Day® Freight — Yes Yes International Services From the U.S. FedEx International First® — — Yes FedEx International Priority® Yes Yes Yes FedEx International Economy® Yes (except to Puerto Rico) Yes Yes FedEx International Priority DirectDistribution® — Yes Yes FedEx International Priority® Freight Yes Yes Yes FedEx International Economy® Freight Yes (except to Puerto Rico) Yes Yes FedEx International Priority DirectDistribution® Freight — Yes — FedEx International Premium® Yes Yes Yes FedEx International Express Freight® Yes Yes Yes International Services From Non-U.S. Origins FedEx International First® Yes Yes2 Yes FedEx International Priority® Yes Yes Yes FedEx International Economy® — Yes (from Canada and Puerto Rico to the U.S. only) Yes (from Canada and Puerto Rico to the U.S. only) FedEx International Priority DirectDistribution® — Yes Yes FedEx International Priority® Freight Yes Yes Yes FedEx International Economy® Freight — — — FedEx International Priority DirectDistribution® Freight — Yes — FedEx International Premium® Yes Yes Yes FedEx International Express Freight® Yes Yes Yes
1 Shipments that contain only UN 3373 Biological Substance, Category B, are not assessed a dangerous goods surcharge.
2 Except Class 7 Radioactive materials.
Call FedEx Express Freight Services at 1.800.332.0807 before you ship via FedEx International Express Freight.
These restrictions apply to dangerous goods irrespective of the FedEx® service being used.
- Dangerous goods cannot be placed in FedEx Express® Drop Boxes, except for Biological Substance, Category B (UN 3373) shipments (accepted at most drop boxes except those at FedEx ShipSite® locations) and IATA Section II lithium batteries.
- Dangerous goods cannot be placed in FedEx mail slots.
- Most FedEx World Service Center® locations do not accept dangerous goods shipments, except for IATA Section II lithium batteries.
- FedEx Express® dangerous goods and dry-ice shipments cannot be shipped from FedEx Office® Print and Ship Centers or FedEx Authorized ShipCenter® locations. FedEx Office Print and Ship Centers will accept FedEx Express shipments containing IATA Section II lithium batteries. See hazardous materials services and restrictions for information on dropping off FedEx Ground shipments that contain lithium batteries (look under Service Restrictions).