Dangerous Goods

FedEx Express® is one of the largest carriers of dangerous goods worldwide. Whether you are shipping dangerous goods within Canada or internationally, we have the expertise to provide safe solutions for handling and transporting your dangerous goods shipments.

FedEx Ground® accepts consumer commodities and limited quantities as defined, labelled and packaged in accordance with the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act and Regulations for shipments within Canada. To confirm whether your goods are eligible for dangerous goods Limited Quantity shipping, please contact FedEx Customer Service at 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339.

Overview

What are Dangerous Goods?
Dangerous goods are commodities that, when transported, pose some form of danger to people, animals, the environment, or the carrier. Dangerous goods can be either acceptable or unacceptable for shipping. The latest list of dangerous goods can be accessed at www.iata.org.

Accessible vs. Inaccessible Dangerous Goods
There are nine classifications of dangerous goods that identify the type of danger each possesses. These are grouped into categories called accessible and inaccessible. Certain dangerous goods shipments must be accessible to the flight crew in-flight. These are categorized as Accessible Dangerous Goods (ADG). Inaccessible Dangerous Goods (IDG) do not need to be loaded so they are accessible to the flight crew in-flight.

 

Dangerous Goods: Accessible Inaccessible
Class 1 - Explosives  
Class 2 - Gases    
2.1 - Flammable Gas  
2.2 - Nonflammable Gas    
Without a "Cargo Aircraft Only" label  
With a "Cargo Aircraft Only" label  
Class 3 - Flammable Liquids  
Class 4  
4.1 - Flammable Solids    
4.2 - Spontaneous Combustibles    
4.3 - Dangerous When Wet    
Class 5 - Oxidizing Substances and Organic Peroxides  
5.1 - Oxidizers    
5.2 - Organic Peroxides    
Class 6 - Toxic (Poisonous) and Infectious Substances  
6.1 - Toxic Substances    
6.2 - Infectious Substances    
Class 7 - Radioactive Material  
White I    
Yellow II    
Yellow III    
Class 8 - Corrosives  
Class 9 - Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods  


You are responsible for correctly identifying, classifying, packaging, marking, labelling and completing documentation for dangerous goods according to national and international governmental regulations. The government requires you to have job-specific training before offering a dangerous goods shipment to FedEx or another air carrier. If you have questions, call the Dangerous Goods Hotline at 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 and say "dangerous goods".

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Regulations

Acceptable Dangerous Goods Summary

There are some items that sound like they may be considered dangerous goods, but are not. These items may be shipped to any location served by FedEx unless they are specifically prohibited by the destination country. Examples include:

  • Gas oil, kerosene, or diesel fuel (if their flashpoints are higher than 60 °C)
  • Motor oil, brake fluid, transmission fluid, or power steering fluid
  • Ethylene-glycol based antifreeze liquids for autos
  • Water-based paint
  • Blue Ice
  • Neon signs
  • Freon in liquid form (non compressed)

Unacceptable Dangerous Goods Summary

Dangerous goods in violation of the regulations in any way are unacceptable for transportation. In addition, here are some examples of the other dangerous goods that are not acceptable via FedEx Express services.

  • Dangerous goods to or from a location where dangerous goods service is not available
  • Radioactives, with a transport index higher than 10
  • Explosives other than division 1.4
  • Hazardous waste (including medical waste)
  • Substances with a primary or sub-risk of division 6.1 (toxic substances) packing group I or II, unless the shipper uses V-rated packaging
  • Any substance bearing a toxic gas label (division 2.3)
  • Infectious substances of risk group 4 (division 6.2)

For details, call 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339.

Dangerous Goods in Excepted Quantities

Very small quantities of certain dangerous goods may be transported as "Dangerous Goods in Excepted Quantities". You will need to affix the Dangerous Goods in Excepted Quantities label to the shipment.

Customs Regulations

The same customs rules apply to dangerous goods shipments as for all other types of shipments. Customs paperwork is only required if the shipment meets the criteria necessary for any particular form.

Dry Ice

    Handling Instructions

    Dry Ice must be in packaging designed and constructed to permit the release of carbon dioxide gas and to prevent a buildup of pressure that could rupture the packaging. A good sturdy fiberboard box is acceptable. Styrofoam is generally unacceptable outer packaging.

    A Shipper's Declaration of Dangerous Goods is not required when shipping dry ice together with a non-dangerous good if the following information is contained on the air waybill, and marked on the outside of the package: Dry Ice, 9, UN1845, "_ x _ Kg".

    (Note: Dry Ice is often used as a refrigerant when packing other dangerous goods such as "infectious substances". Under these circumstances, a Shipper's Declaration of Dangerous Goods is required.)

    Marking and Labelling Shipments

    The package must be marked with the names and addresses of both you and the consignee. You may write the information directly on the box or affix a label with the required information to the box.

    See the Terms and Conditions in the FedEx Service Guide for details.


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FedEx Services to Ship Dangerous Goods

Depending upon the dangerous goods category, FedEx Express offers a number of shipping options. For a list of Accessible and Inaccessible Dangerous Goods, see Overview.

 

FedEx®Service Accessible Dangerous Goods Inaccessible Dangerous Goods Dry Ice
FedEx First Overnight®    
FedEx Priority Overnight®
FedEx 2Day®
FedEx International First®*    
FedEx International Priority®
FedEx® International Economy
FedEx International Priority DirectDistribution®    
FedEx 1Day® Freight*
FedEx® International Priority Freight*
FedEx® International Economy Freight*
FedEx International Premium  
FedEx® International Express Freight  
FedEx International Priority DirectDistribution® Freight    

*Some restrictions apply. For service availability, please call FedEx Customer Service at 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339.

When shipping dangerous goods within Canada and internationally, please keep the following in mind:

  • Dangerous goods shipments are not accepted at all FedEx locations and cannot be left in a FedEx Express® Drop Box.
  • Check locations to confirm which FedEx locations offer Saturday service for dangerous goods.
  • FedEx Web Services do not support dangerous goods service.
  • Weight restrictions may apply when shipping dangerous goods.
  • A nominal fee applies for handling dangerous goods. Get a courtesy rate quote or see the FedEx Rate Guides.
  • Dry Ice Surcharge - An additional handling surcharge will apply to select FedEx Express shipments that contain dry ice. For details, please see the FedEx Express Terms and Conditions section in the FedEx Service Guide at fedex.ca.


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Examples of Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods

  • Dry Ice (Carbon Dioxide, Solid)
  • Consumer Commodities
  • Lifesaving appliances (self-inflating, or containing dangerous goods as equipment)
  • Air bag inflators and/or air bag modules
  • Battery powered equipment
  • Machines incorporating internal combustion engines
  • Lithium batteries
  • Magnetized Material - although considered a class 9 Miscellaneous Dangerous Good, Magnetized Material has its own label. The label bears the picture of a magnet and a compass, and rather than a number at the bottom, contains the words "Magnetized Material".


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Packaging Guidelines

To ensure proper handling, dangerous goods cannot be offered in FedEx packaging. You are required to purchase your own shipping containers from a dangerous goods packaging supplier.

For a list of dangerous goods packaging and supply companies who can help you classify and properly package your dangerous goods shipments, please vist the Transport Canada website.

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Required Documents


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Dangerous Goods Declaration Forms

FedEx provides interactive Shipper's Declaration for Dangerous Goods form templates to help you prepare dangerous-goods shipments. There are two versions of these forms, one with vertical columns in the Nature and Quantity of Dangerous Goods section and one without. Both forms correspond to those published in the International Air Transport Association (IATA) section 8.1.9 and are approved for shipping dangerous goods.

Specific instructions for using each template are included within the template. All form templates are in PDF format. To read PDF files, you will need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader or plug-in, version 4.0 or higher.

Note: All completed forms should have red hatchings on the sides, whether pre-printed or printed via computer.

If you have questions on how to prepare your dangerous goods shipment, please call the FedEx Dangerous Goods Hotline at 1.800.GoFedEx 1.800.463.3339 and say "dangerous goods".

 

Shipper's Declaration Form for Colour Printers

The templates below are designed for printing on colour printers using plain 8 1/2" x 11" paper. If you do not have a colour printer, you should not use these templates.

Shipper's Declaration Form for Black and White Printers

FedEx also provides templates designed for use on black-and-white printers. These forms require the use of form blanks, called LZR DG DEC. These blank forms contain pre-printed red vertical hatchings. When these templates are used, they will print the Shipper's Declaration within the red hatchings.